The KINGDOM of Goguryeo in the korean peninsula explained.
Situated in the northern and central parts of the Korean peninsula and the southern and central parts of Manchuria, Goguryeo was a Korean kingdom. Goguryeo occupied muchThe KINGDOM of Goguryeo in the korean of the Korean peninsula, large parts of Manchuria and parts of the Russian Far East and eastern Mongolia at its height of influence .
Goguryeo was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea alongside Baekje and Silla. It was an active participant in the Korean peninsula’s power struggle for dominance and was also interested in the foreign affairs of neighbouring politics in China and Japan.
The Samguk sagi, Goryeo’s 12th-century document, indicates that Goguryeo was created by Jumong, a Buyeo prince, who was enthroned as Dongmyeong, in 37 BC.
One of the great powers in East Asia was Goguryeo.
In the 4th-century Gwanggaeto Stele, the earliest mention of Jumong is. Jumong is the modern Korean transcript of Jumong, Chumo, or Jungmo’s hanja.
The Stele notes that Jumong was Gogurye’s first king and ancestor, and that he was the son of Buye’s prince and the daughter of Habaek, the god of the Amnok River, or the sun-god Haebak, according to an alternate interpretation. The Samguk sagi and Samgungnyusa paint additional information and identify the mother of Jumong as Yuhwa, the biological father of Jumong, was said to be a man called Haemosu, who is identified as a “strong man” and “a heavenly prince.” Due to her pregnancy, the river god drove Yuhwa away to the Ubal River, where she met and became Geumwa’s concubine.
Jumong was well known for his outstanding abilities in archery. Geumwa’s sons gradually became jealous of him, and Jumong was compelled to leave Eastern Buyeo.
Goguryeo was a highly militaristic state. Korean scholars have identified Goguryeo as an empire. There were initially four partially autonomous districts based on the cardinal directions and a central district led by the monarch; however, the cardinal districts were centralised and administered by the central district in the first century, and they lost all political and military authority to the monarch by the end of the 3rd century. Goguryeo was able to mobilise 300,000 troops during its height. Goguryeo frequently enlisted semi-nomadic vassals as foot soldiers, such as the Mohe people. Every man in Goguryeo was obliged to serve in the army, or by paying extra grain tax, may escape conscription. The 668 Tang Treaty documents a total of 675,000 displaced personnel and 176 military personnel.
RELIGION IN GOGURYEO
Goguryeo people worshipped and believed their ancestors to be supernatural. Jumong, Goguryeo’s founder, was revered and valued among the people. There was also a temple dedicated to Jumong in Pyongyang. At the annual Dongmaeng Festival for Jumong, ancestors, and gods, a religious rite was performed.
In Goguryeo, legendary beasts and animals were also known as sacred. Both the phoenix and the dragon were worshipped, while the Samjogo was considered the most powerful of the three, the three-legged crow which represented the sun. In today’s Goguryeo king’s tombs, drawings of legendary beasts remain.
They believed in the ‘Sasin’ as well, who were four imaginary creatures. The east was guarded by Chungryong or Chunryonga (blue dragon), the west was guarded by baek-ho (white tiger), the south by jujak (red phoenix (bird)) and the north by hyunmu (black turtle (sometimes with snakes for a tail). Similar to the Azure Dragon, Vermilion Eagle, White Tiger, and Black Tort, these legendary creatures.
There are also many movies and dramas based on Jumong and Goguryeo. You can watch them for more knowledge.
The KINGDOM of Goguryeo in the korean peninsula was later became the part of Kingdom of Goryeo, founded by Taejo of Goryeo.
Also read : How to overcome shyness positively in 5 ways